AskDefine | Define exact

Dictionary Definition

exact adj
1 marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact; "an exact mind"; "an exact copy"; "hit the exact center of the target" [ant: inexact]
2 (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct; "a precise image"; "a precise measurement" [syn: accurate, precise]

Verb

1 claim as due or just; "The bank demanded payment of the loan" [syn: demand]
2 take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs; "the accident claimed three lives"; "The hard work took its toll on her" [syn: claim, take]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From exactum, past participle of exigere

Pronunciation

Adjective

  1. Precisely agreeing with a standard, a fact, or the truth; perfectly conforming; neither exceeding nor falling short in any respect.
    The clock keeps exact time.
    He paid the exact debt.
    an exact copy of a letter
    exact accounts
  2. Habitually careful to agree with a standard, a rule, or a promise; accurate; methodical; punctual
    a man exact in observing an appointment
    In my doings I was exact.
  3. Precisely or definitely conceived or stated; strict.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations

precisely agreeing
habitually careful
precisely conceived or stated

Verb

  1. Demand and enforce the payment or performance of.
  2. Make desirable or necessary.
  3. Extract forcibly.
    to exact revenge

French

Pronunciation

  • /ɛg.zakt/|lang=fr

Adjective

  1. proper (following the established standards of behavior or manners)

Extensive Definition

Extortion, outwresting, or exaction is a criminal offense, which occurs when a person either unlawfully obtains money, property or services from a person, entity, or institution through coercion or intimidation or threatens a person, entity, or institution with physical or reputational harm unless he or she is paid money or property. Refraining from doing harm is sometimes euphemistically called protection. Extortion is commonly practiced by organized crime groups. The actual obtainment of money or property is not required to commit the offense. Making a threat of violence or a lawsuit which refers to a requirement of a payment of money or property to halt future violence or lawsuit is sufficient to commit the offense. Exaction refers not only to extortion or the unlawful demanding and obtaining of something through force, additionally, exact in its formal definition means the infliction of something such as pain and suffering or to make somebody endure something unpleasant. In the United States, extortion may also be committed as a federal crime across a computer system, phone, by mail or in using any instrument of "interstate commerce". Extortion requires that the individual sent the message "willingly" and "knowingly" as elements of the crime. The message only has to be sent (but does not have to reach the intended recipient) to commit the crime of extortion.
Extortion is distinguished from blackmail. In blackmail, the blackmailer threatens to do something which would be legal or normally allowed.
Extortion is distinguished from robbery. In "strong arm" robbery, the offender takes goods from the victim with use of immediate force. In "robbery" goods are taken or an attempt is made to take the goods against the will of another—with or without force. A bank robbery or extortion of a bank can be committed by a letter handed by the criminal to the teller. In extortion, the victim is threatened to hand over goods, or else damage to their reputation or other harm or violence against them may occur. Under federal law extortion can be committed with or without the use of force and with or without the use of a weapon. A key difference is that extortion always involves a written or verbal threat whereas robbery can occur without any verbal or written threat (refer to U.S.C. 875 and U.S.C. 876).
The term extortion is often used metaphorically to refer to usury or to price-gouging, though neither is legally considered extortion. It is also often used loosely to refer to everyday situations where one person feels indebted against their will, to another, in order to receive an essential service or avoid legal consequences. For example, certain lawsuits, fees for services such as banking, automobile insurance, gasoline prices, and even taxation, have all been labeled "extortion" by people with various social or political beliefs.

See also

References

External links

  • Legaltree, a Canadian legal portal, contains an article describing the elements of the offence of extortion under Canadian criminal law.
exact in German: Erpressung
exact in Esperanto: Ĉantaĝo
exact in French: Extorsion
exact in Polish: Wymuszenie rozbójnicze
exact in Russian: Вымогательство
exact in Dutch: Afpersing
exact in Swedish: Utpressning

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accurate, appreciative, ask, ask for, assess, attentive, badger, be hurting for, be indicated, blackmail, brook no denial, burden with, call for, careful, challenge, charge, charge for, claim, clamor for, close, compel, conscientious, conscionable, constant, consummate, correct, critical, cry for, cry out for, delicate, demand, demanding, detailed, dictate, differential, direct, discriminate, discriminating, discriminative, distinctive, distinguishing, enforce, enjoin, even, exacting, exigent, express, exquisite, extort, extract, faithful, fasten upon, fastidious, faultless, fine, finical, finicking, finicky, force from, freight with, full, fussy, gouge, have occasion for, heedful, identical, impose, impose on, impose upon, indent, inerrable, inerrant, infallible, inflict on, inflict upon, insist on, insist upon, issue an ultimatum, lay, lay on, leave no option, levy, levy blackmail, literal, make a demand, make dutiable, mathematical, methodical, meticulous, micrometrically precise, microscopic, minute, narrow, necessitate, need, nice, oblige, order, order up, orderly, painstaking, particular, perfect, picayune, pinch, pinpoint, place, place an order, precious, precise, precisian, precisianistic, precisionist, precisionistic, prerequire, pro rata, proper, prorate, pry loose from, punctilious, punctual, puristic, put, put down, put in requisition, put on, put upon, refined, religious, religiously exact, rend, rend from, require, requisition, right, rigid, rigorous, rip, rip from, saddle with, scientific, scientifically exact, screw, scrupulous, scrutinizing, selective, selfsame, sensitive, set, severe, shake, shake down, snatch from, special, specific, square, squeeze, stick for, strict, subject to, subtle, tactful, take doing, take no denial, task, tax, tear from, thorough, tithe, true, undeviating, unerring, very, want, want doing, warn, weight down with, wrench, wrench from, wrest, wring, wring from, yoke with
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